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6大石墨矿选矿方法——石墨矿提纯工艺

2020-12-21 12:30:50   来源:鑫海矿装   (527次浏览)
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石墨矿石

SHIMOSHIYIZHONGZHONGYAODEFEIJINSHUKUANGWU,JINGTICHUNHOUKEZAIGUANGXUE、NENGYUAN、HANGTIAN、HUANJING、XINCAILIAODENGZHONGDUOLINGYUYINGYONG,YINCI,DUIQIXUANKUANGTICHUNJUYOUZHONGYAODEZHANLVEYIYI。

石墨矿中常伴生有石英、伊利石、高岭石、红柱石、绢云母及少量黄铁矿、褐铁矿、电气石、和方解石等,需经提纯除杂才能应用,常见的石墨提纯方法有选择性絮凝法浮选法碱酸法酸浸法氯化焙烧法高温焙烧法六种。

1、石墨矿选择性絮凝法

XUANZEXINGXUNINGFATICHUNSHIMOKUANG,XUZAIHANYOULIANGZHONGJILIANGZHONGYISHANGZUFENDEXUANFUYEZHONG,JIARUGAOFENZIXUNINGJI,SHIXUNINGJIXUANZEXINGDIXIFUXUANFUYEZHONGDEMOUZHONGZUFEN,BINGTONGGUOQIAOLIANZUOYONGCHANSHENGXUNINGCHENDIAN,CONGERDADAOZUFENFENLIDEMUDE。

选择性絮凝法提纯石墨矿

ZHUYAODEXUNINGJIYOUGUISUANNA、LIUPIANLINSUANNA、MUZHISUDIANFEN、SUOJIAJIXIANWEISUHESHUIBOLIZUOWEIFENSANJI,MUSHUFEN、XIANGZIFEN、HAIZAOSUANNA、JUBINGXIXIANANZUOWEIXUNINGJIDUISHIMOKUANGJINXINGTICHUN。

SHIMOKUANGXUANZEXINGXUNINGTICHUNFAJISHEBEIDOUJIAOJIANDAN,QIECHENGBENDI,DANGUDINGTANHUISHOULVJIAODI,ZHIYOU40%ZUOYOU。

2、石墨矿浮选法

FUXUANSHISHIMOKUANGTICHUNDECHANGYONGFANGFA,ZHUYAOSHITONGGUOTIANJIAYIXILIEDEFUXUANYAOJILAIFUJIQIYEJIEMIANZHONGSUOXUANDEMUBIAOKUANGWU,YISHIXIANYUZAZHIKUANGWUDEFENLICONGERDADAOTICHUNMUDE。

SHIMOBENSHENJUBEILIANGHAODETIANRANKEFUXINGHESHUSHUIXING,YINCICHANGGUIDESHIMOKUANGJUNKECAIYONGFUXUANGONGYIJINXINGTICHUN。ZAITICHUNGUOCHENGZHONG,WEIBAOHUSHIMODEDALINPIAN,GONGYISHANGYIBANCAIYONGDUODUANMOKUANG、DUOCIXUANBIE、CUJINGKUANGZAIMOZAIXUANDEGONGYILIUCHENG。

浮选法提纯石墨矿

SHIMOKUANGFUXUANFAZHONGCHANGYONGDEBUSHOUJIDUOXUANYONGMEIJIAOYOU,QIPAOJIDUOXUANYONGSONGCHUNYOUHUODINGMIYOU,YIZHIJIDUOXUANYONGSHUIBOLIHEFUGUISUANNA。

SHIMOKUANGFUXUANFATICHUNKESHISHIMOPINWEIDADAO80%~90%,SHENZHISHI95%ZUOYOU,QIEGAIFANGFAYAOHAODI、NENGHAODI、CHENGBENDI。DANDUIYUSHIMOKUANGZHONGJIAZAJIXIDEGUISUANYANKUANGWUHEJIA、GAI、NA、MEI、LVDENGYUANSUDEHUAHEWUSHI,MOKUANGJIEDUANBUNENGSHIXIANDANTIJIELI,XUZAIFUXUANFAHOUSHIYONGQITAGONGYIZAICITICHUN。

3、石墨矿碱酸法

SUANJIANFATICHUNSHIMOKUANGSHIMUQIANJIAOWEICHENGSHUDEGONGYIFANGFA,KEFENWEIJIANRONGHESUANJINLIANGGEGUOCHENG。

JIANRONGGUOCHENG:ZAIGAOWENTIAOJIANXIA,LIYONGRONGRONGZHUANGTAIXIADEJIANHESHIMOZHONGDESUANXINGZAZHI(GUISUANYAN、GUILVSUANYAN、SHIYING)FASHENGHUAXUEFANYING,SHENGCHENGKERONGXINGYAN,ZAIYONGXIDIFAQUCHUZAZHI。

SUANJINGUOCHENG:LIYONGSUANYUJINSHUYANGHUAWUZAZHIFASHENGFANYING,JIANGJIANRONGGUOCHENGZHONGBUFENMEIYOUFASHENGFANYINGDEZAZHIZHUANHUAWEIKERONGXINGYAN,ZAIJINGXIDIFAQUCHUZAZHISHIQIYUSHIMOFENLI,YITIGAOSHIMOCHUNDU。

SHIMOKUANGJIANSUANFATICHUNKESHISHIMOPINWEIDADAO99.5%,QIESHEBEIJIANDAN、NENGHAODI、YICIXINGTOUZIXIAO。DANGAIZHONGFANGFADESUANJIANHUIDUISHEBEIYOUJIAOQIANGDEFUSHIXING,TICHUNHOUDEFEISHUIWURANYANZHONG。LINGWAI,HAICUNZAISHIMOLIUSHIDEBIDUAN。

石墨矿碱酸法

4、石墨矿酸浸法

SUANJINFATICHUNSHIMOKUANGKEYOULIUSUAN、YANSUAN、XIAOSUAN、QINGFUSUANDENGFANGFA。QIZHONG,LIUSUANHEYANSUANJIAOSHIYIZUOJINCHUSUAN,JINCHUNENGLIQIANG,DANYOUXIELIUSUANYANRONGJIEDUJIAOXIAO,ERYANSUANJIAGEJIAOGAO;XIAOSUANYANGHUAHEHUIFAXINGJIAOQIANG,JIANGUANGYIFENJIEQIEYICHANSHENGJUDUXINGGUANGQI,ZAIGAOWENXIAYIBAOZHA;QINGFUSUANBUNENGFASHENGYANGHUAFANYING,YEBUNENGJINXINGHAIYUANFANYING,ZHONGDIANSHINENGYOUXIAORONGJIESiO2HEGUISUANYAN,JIANGSHIMOYUQINGFUSUANCHONGFENHUNHEHOU,QINGFUSUANHUIYUSHIMOZHONGDEZAZHIFANYING,SHENGCHENGRONGYUSHUIDEHUAHEWUHEHUIFAWU,ZAIJINGGUOSHUIXIFAQUCHUQIZHONGDEKERONGXINGZAZHI,JIKEDEDAOGAOCHUNDUSHIMO。

SHIMOKUANGQINGFUSUANFATICHUNNENGYOUXIAOQUCHUKUANGWUZHONGDEZAZHI,QIENENGHAODI。DANGAIFANGFAYOUJUDU,HUANJINGWURANJIAODA。

5、石墨矿氯化焙烧法

LVHUABEISHAOFATICHUNSHIMOKUANG,ZHUYAOSHIZAISHIMOKUANGZHONGJIARUSHILIANGDEHAIYUANJI,RANHOUZAITEDINGDEQIFENHESHEBEIXIAGAOWENBEISHAO,SHIKUANGWUZHONGYOUJIAJINSHUYULVJIEHEHOU,ZHUANBIANCHENGDIRONGDIANFEIDIANDEQIXIANGHUONINGJUXIANGJINSHULVHUAWU,CONGERXICHUBINGSHIXIANYUQITAZUFENDEYOUXIAOFENLI,HUODEGAOCHUNDUSHIMO。

LVHUABEISHAOFATICHUNSHIMOKUANGXIAOLVGAO、QIENENGHAODI、CHENGBENDIDENG。DANGAIFANGFAZHONGLVQIYOUJIAOQIANGDEFUSHIXINGHEDUXING,DUIHUANJINGWURANJIAODA。

6、石墨矿高温焙烧法

SHIMOKUANGDERONGDIANFEICHANGGAO(RONGDIANWEI3652℃,FEIDIANWEI4250℃),QIYUANGAOYUQITAZAZHIKUANGWU。GAOWENBEISHAOFATICHUNSHIMOSHILIYONGSHIMODERONGDIANCHAYIJINXINGXUANBIEDE,JIANGSHIMOKUANGJIAREDAO2700~3000℃,QIZHONGDABUFENDEZAZHIYIJINGQIHUA,YINCINENGYOUXIAOJIANGSHIMOYUZAZHIFENLI。

GAOWENBEISHAOFATICHUNSHIMOKUANGKEJIANGPINWEIDADAO99.99%SHENZHIGENGGAO,DANNENGHAODA、DUISHEBEIDEYAOQIUFEICHANGGAO,LINGWAIDUISHIMOYUANKUANGDECHUNDUYOUYIDINGYAOQIU。

石墨矿选矿试验

YISHANGBIANSHICHANGJIANDE6ZHONGSHIMOKUANGTICHUNFANGFA,ZHIYUXUANZENAYIZHONG,XUGENJUSHIMOKUANGDEKUANGSHIXINGZHI、XUANCHANGTIAOJIAN、TOUZIYUSUANDENGDUOZHONGYINSULAIJUEDING。JIANYIXUANZEGONGYISHI,XIANDUISHIMOKUANGJINXINGXUANKUANGSHIYAN,TONGGUOSHIYANBAOGAOJUYOUZHENDUIXINGDIXUANZETICHUNGONGYI,YIZHENGQULIXIANGDEJISHUHEJINGJIXIAOYI。

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